Scientific research conducted at the Faculty of Geology University of Warsaw
The scientific staff of the Faculty of Geology at the University of Warsaw comprises about 100 persons representing high research potential for interdisciplinary geological research with application of modern technologies.
Current studies of the upper part of the lithosphere require interdisciplinary studies, the utilization and integration of results from different branches of geology, geophysics as well as interdisciplinary sciences linked with earth sciences, e.g. microbiology, geoenvironmental studies, geoarchaeology, geomathematics etc. Such wide combination of scientific areas in the range of GEO, INFO and TECHNO provides consistent environmental solutions for the sustainable economy of Poland. Highly specialized equipment in the laboratories of the Faculty of Geology is applied. It is thus possible to conduct scientific projects of an applicative character, oriented at the solution of practical problems in areas of high national priority, for example:
- new technologies of hydrocarbon prospecting and acquiring of energetic resources,
- natural environment protection, including strict groundwater protection,
- analysis of areas with high seismic hazard with regard to potential construction of nuclear power plants,
- new material technologies in the range of interdisciplinary research NANO, BIO and GEO, including nanomaterials, which are presently applied in medicine and technologies of environmental protection,
- analysis of climatic changes in past geological epochs for the prediction of its changes in the future,
- recognition of new metal deposits,
- engineering studies aimed at determining soil stability for the construction of roads, motorways and other infrastructural objects.
Geological research contributes from the modelling of various processes, i.e. water flow or tectonic processes. Based on 2D and 3D seismic data and logs, this allows to understand the development stages of sedimentary basins, in which hydrocarbons are generated. Such research is indispensable for the recognition of resources of conventional (oil and gas), as well as unconventional hydrocarbons (shale gas), recently of high priority for Polish economy. Exploitation of resources gains from the simulation of destruction processes in geomechanical studies, which are crucial in the construction of horizontal drillings to enhance gas inflow in gas shales.
Separate issues include e.g. predicting stress values, analysis of water migration routes, pollution migration – crucial for environmental protection, analysis of log data applied in planning of new drillings and shafts in copper and coal mines or location of nuclear power plants. The staff of the Faculty of Geology conducts advanced research with respect to: hydrogeology, hydrogeochemistry, sedimentology, climatic issues, stratigraphy, structural geology, geoenvironment, geomaterial analysis, geomechanical analysis, and many others.
We also carry out high-level palaeontological studies allowing for understanding the evolution of major groups from the beginning of life on Earth, for example Cambrian trilobites, Devonian and Carboniferous conodonts, Devonian, Jurassic and Cretaceous ammonites, Jurassic and Palaeogene dinoflagellates, Cretaceous inoceramids and foraminifers, to name the most significant ones. Research on the geological structure of the objects in the Solar System is also conducted at the Faculty.
Overall, our research on the past of our planet Earth is aimed at foreseeing its future.